Beginners often ask us what WordPress plugins are and how they work.
Plugins are an important part of the WordPress ecosystem, and they are essential for building great websites using WordPress.
In this beginners guide, we will explain what are WordPress plugins and how they work.
What Are WordPress Plugins?
WordPress plugins are apps that allow you to add new features and functionality to your WordPress website.
In other words, they work the same way as apps for your smartphone.
There are around 60,000 free plugins available right now on the WordPress.org plugin directory. Thousands more are available from third-party websites like Github.
On top of that, there are also thousands of premium WordPress plugins that are sold by individual developers and companies like ourselves.
In 2003, WordPress started as a simple tool to help you start a blog. Over the years, it has evolved into a powerful content management system and application framework, thanks primarily to plugins.
What Can WordPress Plugins Do?
WordPress plugins are small software apps that integrate and run on top of the WordPress software. This allows you to create almost any kind of website with WordPress, not just blogs.
For example, you can:
- Start an online store with WordPress using the WooCommerce plugin
- Create a job board with WordPress using the Job Manager plugin
- Build a business directory with the best directory plugins for WordPress
- Start a coupon website like RetainMeNot
- Build your photography website using the Envira Gallery Plugin
- Create a wiki website using the Knowledge Base plugin
- Start your own podcast website using WordPress
- … and tons more.
There is a popular saying in the WordPress community, “There’s a plugin for that”.
No matter what you are trying to do on your WordPress site, it’s possible. If the feature is not available in default WordPress, then there is certainly a plugin available for that.
There are WordPress plugins to improve SEO, boost performance, add contact forms and social media buttons, create custom themes, and so much more.
Plugins can be small and offer just one tiny feature, like adding an image to the sidebar.
Or they can also be quite large and act as their own platform as well, such as WordPress eCommerce plugins and WordPress membership plugins.
Many feature rich plugins have their own addon plugins to extend them, just like you would extend WordPress.
How Do WordPress Plugins Work?
WordPress is written in a way so that other developers can add their own code to it. The WordPress plugin API offers a robust set of hooks and filters which allow developers to modify existing WordPress functionality or add new functionality.
WordPress also allows developers to store data in the WordPress database. Plugins can utilize WordPress content types, taxonomies, and custom fields which allow users to store different types of content, not just posts and pages.
Each WordPress plugin installed on your site is registered in your WordPress database. You can activate and deactivate them at any time you want.
Upon each visit, WordPress connects to the database, loads the core software, and then loads your active plugins. All this code is processed on your server and then sent to the user’s browser.
How Do I Find and Install WordPress Plugins?
You can find free WordPress plugins by visiting the WordPress.org plugin directory or you can also find them directly from your WordPress admin area.
Simply head over to Plugins » Add New and search by typing the plugin name or functionality you want to add.
WordPress will search the plugin directory and display the available plugins in a list.
You need to review the results and click on the ‘Install Now’ button next to the plugin you want to install.
You can learn more in our step by step beginner’s guide on how to install a WordPress plugin.
However, search results inside the WordPress admin area are not always helpful because they are limited to free plugins only. Also, the number of plugins can be overwhelming. Many beginners find it difficult to decide which plugin is best for the job.
Another approach is to look for plugin recommendations and tutorials on sites like WPBeginner.com. We have a WordPress plugins section where you can find the best WordPress plugins that we have thoroughly tested and reviewed.
You can also find out which plugins we use on our own website in the WPBeginner’s Blueprint, and check out these must have plugins for business websites:
- 24 Must Have WordPress Plugins for Business Websites
- 32 Best WooCommerce Plugins for Your Store (Most are FREE)
- 6 Best Drag and Drop WordPress Page Builders Compared
- 14 Best WordPress SEO Plugins and Tools That You Should Use
- 5 Best Contact Form Plugins for WordPress Compared
- 11 Best Analytics Solutions for WordPress Users
More FAQs About WordPress Plugins
Why can’t I see or install plugins on my WordPress blog?
Most probably you are using WordPress.com. You can only install WordPress plugins on self-hosted WordPress.org websites.
See our guide on the difference between self-hosted WordPress.org vs free WordPress.com.
Is it possible to have too many plugins?
A common misconception among users is that too many plugins can slow down their website.
However, it is never the number of plugins you have installed that is slowing down your site. It is always poorly coded plugins that degrade performance.
For details see our guide on how many WordPress plugins you should install.
Should I install plugins that haven’t been tested with my WordPress version?
The short answer is, it depends on the plugin.
Just because a plugin author didn’t update their readme file doesn’t mean the plugin hasn’t been tested and won’t work with the latest version of WordPress.
Sometimes authors of free plugins do not update their plugin files for each new WordPress release. They simply feel that if the plugin still works, then they don’t need to update it.
We offer guidelines on whether to install these plugins in our guide on installing plugins not tested with your WordPress version.
What’s the best way to choose between free and paid plugins?
There are thousands of free plugins and there is a good chance that you can find a free plugin offering the same functionality as a paid plugin. If it works well for you, then use it.
You can learn more about choosing a free plugin in our guide on how to choose the best WordPress plugin.
Please keep in mind that free plugins are offered as they are, with no warranties, and no promise of support. Plugin authors can stop working on a plugin at anytime they want.
If you feel you will be needing lots of support, and you want regular updates, then a paid plugin will be a better choice.
For more details, see our guide on when it is worth buying premium WordPress plugins. We use a combination of both free and paid plugins on all our websites.
How do I get support for free WordPress plugins?
Free WordPress plugins are offered without the promise of support. However, most good plugins offer limited free support through the official WordPress support forums.
Simply visit the plugin page and click on the support tab to post your question.
For more on this topic, we recommend you take a look at our guide on how to properly ask for WordPress support and get it.
We hope this article helped you understand what are WordPress plugins and how they work. You may also want to learn how to increase your blog traffic, and see our list of the most common WordPress errors and how to fix them.
If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for WordPress video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.
Thanks for sharing this amazing piece of information.
WPBeginner Support says
You’re welcome, glad you found our guide helpful
This is not wp for beginners. I understand find, install, activate plugins of course simple. We dummies want to know where a plugin goes after all that so we can use it. I can see all my installed and active plugins. But use them? They are nowhere in sight. You forget, I don’t know this stuff. Where are those plugins I know I’ve installed? Is there a menu someplace? You left the most important part out! How do you find and use a plugin once it’s there! Why no example?
WPBeginner Support says
Each plugin has a different spot they could be located is why we don’t list that, some add a menu item under a section in your admin area while others create a new link in the main admin area. It depends on the type and size of the plugin for where the plugin author feels would be a good location to add the settings or if there are settings.
supper nice and excellent work please keep it up.very helpful for every one i will recommend you to others.
I have a question. If I use some paid theme plugin like sliders or visual composers, then can I develop my website in local environment, and upload it to production environment without installing any plugins.
Idea is to buy the licence once for premium themes that comes bundled with plugins and develop multiple sites using it, and upload without plugins.
So I have to use wordpress sites to get the wordpress plugins? but is it possible to use a wordpress plugin in a newly developed software that is not found in wordpress?
Each plugins use wordpress plugin api to work with wordpress. Therefore, using a wordpress plugin without wordpress is imposible.
prince sajjad says
this is nice artical for new wordpress user,,,,,,,,,,,, i m also new in wordpress and liked your post….
Gaurav Khurana says
Thanks for sharing. It would have been better if you would have focused in more detail on the how part.
It was good but expecting more details. It would be great if taken an example of a simple plugin and explained technically as well
charlie rowland says
so i have installed a few plugins such as a slide show making one and one that makes it possiable for full background screens i have them showing on left of my screen and i can open but it dosnt let me apply the work i have done