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How to Optimize Your WordPress Robots.txt for SEO

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on WPBeginner. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations. Learn more about Editorial Process.

Recently, one of our readers asked us how to optimize the robots.txt file to improve SEO.

The robots.txt file tells search engines how to crawl your website, which makes it an incredibly powerful SEO tool.

In this article, we will show you some tips on how to create a perfect robots.txt file for SEO.

Optimizing robots.txt file for better SEO

What Is a Robots.txt file?

Robots.txt is a text file that website owners can create to tell search engine bots how to crawl and index pages on their sites.

It is typically stored in the root directory (also known as the main folder) of your website. The basic format for a robots.txt file looks like this:

User-agent: [user-agent name]
Disallow: [URL string not to be crawled]
 
User-agent: [user-agent name]
Allow: [URL string to be crawled]
 
Sitemap: [URL of your XML Sitemap]

You can have multiple lines of instructions to allow or disallow specific URLs and add multiple sitemaps. If you do not disallow a URL, then search engine bots assume that they are allowed to crawl it.

Here is what a robots.txt example file can look like:

User-Agent: *
Allow: /wp-content/uploads/
Disallow: /wp-content/plugins/
Disallow: /wp-admin/

Sitemap: https://example.com/sitemap_index.xml

In the above robots.txt example, we have allowed search engines to crawl and index files in our WordPress uploads folder.

After that, we disallowed search bots from crawling and indexing plugins and WordPress admin folders.

Lastly, we have provided the URL of our XML sitemap.

Do You Need a Robots.txt File for Your WordPress Site?

If you don’t have a robots.txt file, then search engines will still crawl and index your website. However, you will not be able to tell them which pages or folders they should not crawl.

This won’t have much impact when you first start a blog and don’t have a lot of content.

However, as your website grows and you add more content, then you will likely want better control over how your website is crawled and indexed.

Here is why.

Search bots have a crawl quota for each website.

This means that they crawl a certain number of pages during a crawl session. If they use up their crawl budget before they finish crawling all pages on your site, then they will come back and resume crawling in the next session.

This can slow down your website indexing rate.

You can fix this by disallowing search bots from attempting to crawl unnecessary pages like your WordPress admin pages, plugin files, and themes folder.

By disallowing unnecessary pages, you save your crawl quota. This helps search engines crawl even more pages on your site and index them as quickly as possible.

Another good reason to use a robots.txt file is when you want to stop search engines from indexing a post or page on your website.

This is not the safest way to hide content from the general public, but it will help you prevent content from appearing in search results.

What Does an Ideal Robots.txt File Look Like?

Many popular blogs use a very simple robots.txt file. Their content may vary depending on the needs of the specific site:

User-agent: *
Disallow:

Sitemap: http://www.example.com/post-sitemap.xml
Sitemap: http://www.example.com/page-sitemap.xml

This robots.txt file allows all bots to index all content and provides them with a link to the website’s XML sitemaps.

For WordPress sites, we recommend the following rules in the robots.txt file:

User-Agent: *
Allow: /wp-content/uploads/
Disallow: /wp-admin/
Disallow: /readme.html
Disallow: /refer/

Sitemap: http://www.example.com/post-sitemap.xml
Sitemap: http://www.example.com/page-sitemap.xml

This tells search bots to index all WordPress images and files. It disallows search bots from indexing the WordPress admin area, readme file, and cloaked affiliate links.

By adding sitemaps to the robots.txt file, you make it easy for Google bots to find all the pages on your site.

Now that you know what an ideal robots.txt file looks like, let’s take a look at how you can create a robots.txt file in WordPress.

How to Create a Robots.txt File in WordPress

There are two ways to create a robots.txt file in WordPress. You can choose the method that works best for you.

Method 1: Editing Robots.txt File Using All in One SEO

All in One SEO, also known as AIOSEO, is the best WordPress SEO plugin on the market, used by over 3 million websites. It’s easy to use and comes with a robots.txt file generator.

To learn more, see our detailed AIOSEO review.

If you don’t already have the AIOSEO plugin installed, you can see our step-by-step guide on how to install a WordPress plugin.

Note: A free version of AIOSEO is also available and has this feature.

Once the plugin is installed and activated, you can use it to create and edit your robots.txt file directly from your WordPress admin area.

Simply go to All in One SEO » Tools to edit your robots.txt file.

Robots.txt file editor in All in One SEO

First, you’ll need to turn on the editing option by clicking the ‘Enable Custom Robots.txt’ toggle to blue.

With this toggle on, you can create a custom robots.txt file in WordPress.

Enable custom robots.txt file

All in One SEO will show your existing robots.txt file in the ‘Robots.txt Preview’ section at the bottom of your screen.

This version will show the default rules that were added by WordPress.

Robots.txt file preview in All in One SEO

These default rules tell the search engines not to crawl your core WordPress files, allow the bots to index all content, and provide them a link to your site’s XML sitemaps.

Now, you can add your own custom rules to improve your robots.txt for SEO.

To add a rule, enter a user agent in the ‘User Agent’ field. Using a * will apply the rule to all user agents.

Then, select whether you want to ‘Allow’ or ‘Disallow’ the search engines to crawl.

Next, enter the filename or directory path in the ‘Directory Path’ field.

Add robots file rules

The rule will automatically be applied to your robots.txt. To add another rule, just click the ‘Add Rule’ button.

We recommend adding rules until you create the ideal robots.txt format we shared above.

Your custom rules will look like this.

Custom robots txt file preview

Once you are done, don’t forget to click on the ‘Save Changes’ button to store your changes.

Method 2: Editing Robots.txt File Using WPCode

WPCode is a powerful code snippets plugin that lets you add custom code to your website easily and safely.

It also includes a handy feature that lets you quickly edit the robots.txt file.

Note: There is also a WPCode Free Plugin, but it doesn’t include the file editor feature.

The first thing you need to do is install the WPCode plugin. For step-by-step instructions, see our beginner’s guide on how to install a WordPress plugin.

On activation, you need to navigate to the WPCode » File Editor page. Once there, simply click on the ‘robots.txt’ tab to edit the file.

WPCode robots.txt Editor

Now, you can paste or type the contents of the robots.txt file.

Once you are finished, make sure you click the ‘Save Changes’ button at the bottom of the page to store the settings.

Method 3: Editing Robots.txt file Manually Using FTP

For this method, you will need to use an FTP client to edit the robots.txt file. Alternatively, you can use the file manager provided by your WordPress hosting.

Simply connect to your WordPress website files using an FTP client.

Once inside, you will be able to see the robots.txt file in your website’s root folder.

Edit robots file via FTP

If you don’t see one, then you likely don’t have a robots.txt file.

In that case, you can just go ahead and create one.

Create new robots file

Robots.txt is a plain text file, which means you can download it to your computer and edit it using any plain text editor like Notepad or TextEdit.

After saving your changes, you can upload the robots.txt file back to your website’s root folder.

How to Test Your Robots.txt File

Once you have created your robots.txt file, it’s always a good idea to test it using a robots.txt tester tool.

There are many robots.txt tester tools out there, but we recommend using the one inside Google Search Console.

First, you will need to have your website linked with Google Search Console. If you haven’t done this yet, see our guide on how to add your WordPress site to Google Search Console.

Then, you can use the Google Search Console Robots Testing Tool.

Choose property

Simply select your property from the dropdown list.

The tool will automatically fetch your website’s robots.txt file and highlight the errors and warnings if it finds any.

Robots tester tool

Final Thoughts

The goal of optimizing your robots.txt file is to prevent search engines from crawling pages that are not publicly available. For example, pages in your wp-plugins folder or pages in your WordPress admin folder.

A common myth among SEO experts is that blocking WordPress categories, tags, and archive pages will improve the crawl rate and result in faster indexing and higher rankings.

This is not true. It’s also against Google’s webmaster guidelines.

We recommend that you follow the above robots.txt format to create a robots.txt file for your website.

We hope this article helped you learn how to optimize your WordPress robots.txt file for SEO. You may also want to see our ultimate WordPress SEO guide and our expert picks for the best WordPress SEO tools to grow your website.

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for WordPress video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

Disclosure: Our content is reader-supported. This means if you click on some of our links, then we may earn a commission. See how WPBeginner is funded, why it matters, and how you can support us. Here's our editorial process.

Editorial Staff

Editorial Staff at WPBeginner is a team of WordPress experts led by Syed Balkhi with over 16 years of experience in WordPress, Web Hosting, eCommerce, SEO, and Marketing. Started in 2009, WPBeginner is now the largest free WordPress resource site in the industry and is often referred to as the Wikipedia for WordPress.

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Reader Interactions

129 CommentsLeave a Reply

  1. Syed Balkhi says

    Hey WPBeginner readers,
    Did you know you can win exciting prizes by commenting on WPBeginner?
    Every month, our top blog commenters will win HUGE rewards, including premium WordPress plugin licenses and cash prizes.
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    • WPBeginner Support says

      For a multisite, you would need to have a robots.txt file in the root folder of each site.

      Admin

  2. Pacifique Ndanyuzwe says

    My wordpress site is new and my robot.txt by default is
    user-agent: *
    Disallow: /wp-admin/
    Allow: /wp-admin/admin-ajax.php

    I want google to crawl and index my content. Is that robot.txt okay?

  3. Ritesh Seth says

    Great Airticle…

    I was confused from so many days about Robots.txt file and Disallow links. Have copied the tags for robots file. Hope this will solve the issue of my Site

  4. Kurt says

    The files in the screenshots of your home folder are actually located under the public_html folder under my home folder.

    I did not have a /refer folder under my public_html folder.

    I did not have post or page xml files anywhere on my WP account.

    I did include an entry in the robots.txt file I created to disallow crawling my sandbox site. I’m not sure that’s necessary since I’ve already selected the option in WP telling crawlers not to crawl my sandbox site, but I don’t think it will hurt to have the entry.

    • WPBeginner Support says

      Some hosts do rename public_html to home which is why you see it there. You would want to ensure Yoast is active for the XML files to be available. The method in this article is an additional precaution to help with preventing crawling your site :)

      Admin

  5. Elyn Ashton says

    User-agent: *
    Disallow: /wp-admin/
    Allow: /wp-admin/admin-ajax.php <– This is my robot.txt code but im confuse why my /wp-admin is index? How to no index it?

    • WPBeginner Support says

      If it was indexed previously you may need to give time for the search engine’s cache to clear

      Admin

  6. Ashish kumar says

    This website really inspire me to start a blog .Thank you lost of tema.this website each and every article have rich of information and explanation.when i have some problem at first i visit this blog . Thank You

  7. Anna says

    I am trying to optimise robots for my website using Yoast. However Tools in Yoast does not have the option for ‘File Editor’.
    There are just two options
    (i) Import and Export
    (ii) Bulk editor
    May you please advise how this can be addressed. Could it be that I am on a free edition of Yoast?

    • WPBeginner Support says

      The free version of Yoast still has the option, your installation may be disallowing file editing in which case you would likely need to use the FTP method.

      Admin

  8. Emmanuel Husseni says

    I really find this article helpful because I really don’t know much on how robot.txt works but now I do.

    pls what I don’t understand is how do I find the best format of robot.txt to use on my site (I mean one that works generally)?

    I noticed lots of big blogs I check ranking high on search engine uses different robot.txt format..

    I’ll be clad to see a reply from you or just anyone that can help

    • Editorial Staff says

      Having a sitemap and allowing the areas that need to be allowed is the most important part. The disallow part will vary based on each site. We shared a sample in our blog post, and that should be good for most WordPress sites.

      Admin

    • WPBeginner Support says

      Hey Emmanuel,

      Please see the section regarding the ideal robots.txt file. It depends on your own requirements. Most bloggers exclude WordPress admin and plugin folders from the crawl.

      Admin

      • Emmanuel Husseni says

        Thank you so much.

        now I understand. I guess I’ll start with the general format for now.

  9. jack says

    Well written article, I recommend the users to do sitemap before creating and enabling their ROBOTS text it will help your site to crawl faster and indexed easily.

    Jack

  10. Cherisa says

    I keep getting the error message below on google webmaster. I am basically stuck. A few things that were not clear to me on this tutorial is where do I find my site’s root files, how do you determine if you already have a “robots.txt” and how do you edit it?

    • WPBeginner Support says

      Hi Cherisa,

      Your site’s root folder is the one that contains folders like wp-admin, wp-includes, wp-content, etc. It also contains files like wp-config.php, wp-cron.php, wp-blogheader.php, etc.

      If you cannot see a robots.txt file in this folder, then you don’t have one. You can go a head and create a new one.

      Admin

      • Cherisa says

        Thank you for your response. I have looked everywhere and can’t seem to locate these root files as you describe. Is there a path directory I can take that leads to this folder. Like it is under Settings, etc?

  11. Devender says

    I had a decent web traffic to my website. Suddenly dropped to zero in the month of May. Till now I have been facing the issue. Please help me to recover my website.

  12. Haris Aslam says

    Hello There Thank you For This Information, But I Have A Question
    That I Just Create The Sitemap.xml and Robots.txt File, & Its Crawling well. But How Can I Create “Product-Sitemap.xml”
    There is all list of product in sitemap.xml file. Do I Have To Create Product-sitemap.xml separately?

    and submit to google or bing again ?
    Can You please Help me out…
    Thank You

  13. Mahadi Hassan says

    I have a problem on robots.txt file setting. Only one robots.txt is showing for all websites. Please help me to show separate robots.txt file of all websites. I have all separate robots.txt file of all individual website. But only one robots.txt file is showing in browser for all websites.

  14. Debu Majumdar says

    Please explain why did you include
    Disallow: /refer/
    in the beginner Robots.txt example? I do not understand the implications of this line. Is this important for the beginner? You have explained the other two Disallowed ones.

    Thanks.

  15. Evaristo says

    How can I put all tags/mydomain.Com in nofollow? In robots.txt to concentrate the link Juice? Thanks.

  16. harsh kumar says

    hey,,i am getting error in yoast seo regarding site map..once i click on fix it ,,,it’s coming again..my site html is not loading properly

  17. Tom says

    I’ve just been reviewing my Google Webmaster Tools account and using the Search Console, I’ve found the following:
    Page partially loaded
    Not all page resources could be loaded. This can affect how Google sees and understands your page. Fix availability problems for any resources that can affect how Google understands your page.

    This is because all CSS stylesheets associated with Plugins are disallowed by the default robots.txt.

    I understand good reasons why I shouldn’t just make this allowable, but what would be an alternative as I would suspect the Google algorithms are marking down the site for not seeing these.

  18. Suren says

    Hi,

    Whenever, I search my site on the google this text appears below the link: “A description for this result is not available because of this site’s robots.txt”

    How, can i solve this issue?

    Regards

    • WPBeginner Support says

      Hi Suren,

      Seems like someone accidentally changed your site’s privacy settings. Go to Settings » Reading page and scroll down to ‘Search engine visibility’ section. Make sure that the box next to is unchecked.

      Admin

  19. Divyesh says

    Hello

    As i seen in webmaster tool, i got robot.txt file like below :

    User-agent: *
    Disallow: /wp-admin/
    Allow: /wp-admin/admin-ajax.php

    let me know is that okey ? or should i use any other ?

  20. John Cester says

    I want to know, does it a good idea to block (disallow) “/wp-content/plugins/” in robots.tx? Every time i remove a plugin it shows 404 error in some pages of that plugin.

  21. Himanshu singh says

    I loved this explanation. As a beginner I was very confused about robot.txt file and its uses. But now I know what is its purpose.

  22. Awais Ahmed says

    Can you please tell me why this happening on webmaster tool:

    Network unreachable: robots.txt unreachableWe were unable to crawl your Sitemap because we found a robots.txt file at the root of your site but were unable to download it. Please ensure that it is accessible or remove it completely.

    robots.txt file exist but still

  23. Dozza says

    Interesting update from the Yoast team on this at

    Quote: “The old best practices of having a robots.txt that blocks access to your wp-includes directory and your plugins directory are no longer valid.”

  24. natveimaging says

    Allow: /wp-content/uploads/

    Shouldn’t this be?
    Disallow: /wp-content/uploads/

    Because you are aware that google will index all your uploads pages as public URLs right? And then you will get slapped with errors for the page itself. Is there something I am missing here?

    • nativeimaging says

      Overall, its the actual pages that google crawls to generate image maps, NOT the uploads folders. Then you would have a problem of all the smaller image sizes, and other images that are for UI will also get indexed.

      This seems to be the best option:
      Disallow: /wp-content/uploads/

      If i’m incorrect, please explain this to me so I can understand your angle here.

  25. Martin conde says

    Yoasts blogpost about this topic was right above yours in my search so of course I checked them both. They are contradicting each other a little bit.. For example yoast said that disallowing plugin directories and others, might hinder the Google crawlers when fetching your site since plugins may output css or js. Also mentioned (and from my own experience), yoast doesn’t add anything sitemap related to the robots.txt, rather generates it so that you can add it to your search console. Here is the link to his post, maybe you can re-check because it is very hard to choose whose word to take for it ;)

  26. MM Nauman says

    As I’m Not Good in Creating this Robotstxt file So Can I use your Robots.txt file by changing the parameters like url and sitemap of my site is it good? or should I create a different one

  27. Mohit Chauhan says

    Hi,
    Today i got this mail from Google “Googlebot cannot access CSS and JS files”…what can be the solution?

    Thanks

    • Parmod says

      Let me guess… You are using CDN services to import CSS and JS files.
      or
      It may be possible that you have written wrong syntax in these file.

  28. Rahul says

    I have a question about adding Sitemaps. How can I add Yahoo and Bing Sitemap to Robots file and WordPress Directory?

  29. Gerbrand Petersen says

    Thanks for the elaborate outline of using the robots file. Does anyone know if Yahoo is using this robots.txt too, and does it obey the rules mentioned in the file? I ask this since I have a “Disallow” for a certain page in my file, but I do receive traffic coming from Yahoo on that page. Nothing from Google, as it should be. Thanks in advance.

  30. Erwin says

    correction…

    “If you are using Yoast’s WordPress SEO plugin or some other plugin to generate your XML sitemap, then your plugin will try to automatically add your sitemap related lines into robots.txt file.”

    Not true. WordPress SEO doesn’t add the sitemap to the robots.txt

    “I’ve always felt linking to your XML sitemap from your robots.txt is a bit nonsense. You should be adding them manually to your Google and Bing Webmaster Tools and make sure you look at their feedback about your XML sitemap. This is the reason our WordPress SEO plugin doesn’t add it to your robots.txt.”

    https://yoast.com/wordpress-robots-txt-example/

    Also more recommended is not to disallow the wp-plugins directory (reasons see Yoast’s post)

    And personally I like to simply remover the readme.txt file…

    ;-)

  31. hyma says

    I understood it robots.txt file and use of robots file. What is the site map how do I create sitemap for my site.

  32. Rick R. Duncan says

    After reading Google’s documentation I’m under the impression that the directive to use in the robots.txt file is disallow which only tells the bots what they can and cannot crawl. It does not tell them what can and cannot be indexed. You need to use the noindex robots meta tag to have a page noindexed.

  33. Nitin says

    really good article for seo optimized robots.txt file. But I need you to give a tutorial on how to upload robots.txt file to server. As, being a beginner it seems to be a drastic problem to upload that file.
    By the way thanks to share such beneficial information.
    -Nitin

  34. Jenny says

    What is the best way to add code to HTTacess to block multiple spam bot refers for their url and Ip address if no URL is given

    I know if you get wrong syntax when doing httacess it can take your site off line I am a newbie and need to block these annoying multiple urls from Russia, China, Ukraine etc.

    Many thanks

  35. Rahat says

    why have to add Allow: !!!
    if I mention only which have to Disallow that enough. Don’t have to write code for Allow because Googlebot or Bingbot will crawl all other thing automatically.
    So why should I use Allow again?

  36. Connor Rickett says

    Since lacking the Robots.txt file doesn’t stop the site from being crawled, I find myself curious: Is there any sort of hard data on exactly how much having the file will improve SEO performance?

    I did a quick Google search, and didn’t see any sort of quantitative data on it. It’s about half a million articles saying, “Hey, this makes SEO better!” but I’d really like to know what we’re talking about here, even generally.

    Is this a 5% boost? 50? 500?

  37. JD Myers says

    Good timing on this. I was trying to find this information just yesterday.

    The reason I was searching for it is that Google Webmaster tools was telling me that they could not properly crawl my site because I was blocking various resources needed for the proper rendering of the page.

    These resources included those found in /wp-content/plugins/

    After I allowed this folder, the warning disappeared.

    Any thoughts on this?

    • WPBeginner Support says

      You can safely ignore those warnings. It is only a warning if you actually had content there that you would want to get indexed. Sometimes users have restricted search bots and have forgotten about it. These warnings come in handy in those situations.

      Admin

  38. Chetan jadhav says

    I have a question that many people out there use static sitemap, and you know what they have wordpress site. Should we us static or sitemap genrated by worpress.

  39. Wilton Calderon says

    NIce, i like the way Wpbeginner have, and with that rank in alexa, look to me is one of the best way to sue robots.txt..

  40. Brigitte Burke says

    what does my robots.txt file mean if it looks like this?

    User-agent: *
    Disallow: /wp-admin/
    Disallow: /wp-includes/
    Disallow: /xmlrpc.php

    • Editorial Staff says

      It’s just saying that search engines should not index your wp-admin folder, wp-includes folder, and the xml-rpc file. Sometimes disallowing /wp-includes/ can block certain scripts for search engines specially if your site is using those scripts. This can hurt your SEO.

      The best thing to do is go to Google Webmaster Tools and fetch your website as a bot there. If everything loads fine, then you have nothing to worry about. If it says that scripts are blocked, then you may want to take out the wp-includes line.

      Admin

      • hercules says

        I see no logic in your idea about having a script within the includes directory that can be used by a crawn / robot .. and another, if there is an isolated case, it is better after specify the default wordpress allow this file you imagine that search engines use his scripts! after all, wordpress has certainly not by default an robots.txt anti serch engines!!!!

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