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How to Add SSL and HTTPS in WordPress

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How to Add SSL and HTTPS in WordPress

Are you looking to move from HTTP to HTTPS and install a SSL certificate on your WordPress site? In this article, we will show you how to add SSL and HTTPS in WordPress.

Don’t worry, if you have no idea what SSL or HTTPS is. We’re going to explain that as well.

What is HTTPS and SSL?

WordPress Security

Every day we share our personal information with different websites whether it’s making a purchase or simply logging in.

In order to protect the data transfer, a secure connection needs to be created.

That’s when SSL and HTTPS come in.

HTTPS or Secure HTTP is an encryption method that secures the connection between users’ browser and your server. This makes it harder for hackers to eavesdrop on the connection.

Each site is issued a unique SSL certificate for identification purposes. If a server is pretending to be on HTTPS, and it’s certificate doesn’t match, then most modern browsers will warn the user from connecting to the site.

Google Chrome showing warning about an unsecure connection

Now you are probably wondering, why would you ever need to move from HTTP to HTTPS and install a SSL certificate?

Why do you need HTTPS and SSL?

If you are running an eCommerce website, then you absolutely need a SSL certificate specially if you are collecting payment information.

Most payment providers like Stripe, PayPal Pro, Authorize.net, etc will require you to have a secure connection using SSL.

Recently, Google also announced that they will be using HTTPS and SSL as a ranking signal in their search results. This means that using HTTPS and SSL will help improve your site’s SEO.

We already use SSL for our eCommerce sites like OptinMonster, Soliloquy, and Envira Gallery. We will also switch all content sites to SSL as well. We just added SSL for Syed Balkhi’s blog (our founder).

A site secured by HTTPs and SSL in WordPress

We’re often asked wouldn’t SSL and HTTPS slow down my WordPress website? In reality, the difference in speed is negligible, so you should not worry about that.

Requirements for using HTTPS/SSL on a WordPress Site

The requirements for using SSL in WordPress is not very high. All you need to do is purchase a SSL certificate.

Some WordPress hosting providers offer free SSL with their plans. Siteground, one of our favorite providers, offer a one year free SSL certificate with their “grow big” plan).

If your hosting provider does not offer a free SSL certificate, then you can ask them if they sell third party SSL Certificates. Most hosting providers like Bluehost sell them around $50-$200.

You can also buy SSL from providers like Godaddy.

Once you have purchased a SSL Certificate, you would need to ask your web hosting provider to install it on your server.

This is a fairly straight forward process.

How to Setup WordPress to Use SSL and HTTPS

If you are starting a new site and/or want to use HTTPS everywhere on your site, then you need to update your site URL.

You can do this by going to Settings » General and updating your WordPress and site URL address fields.

updating-urls

Now if you’re adding SSL to your existing site, then you need to setup WordPress SSL redirect from HTTP to HTTPS.

You can do this by adding the following code in your .htaccess file:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} 80 
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.yoursite.com/$1 [R,L]
</IfModule>

Don’t forget to replace yoursite.com with your site URL.

If you are on nginx servers (most users are not), you would add the following to redirect from HTTP to HTTPS:

server {
listen 80;
server_name yoursite.com www.yoursite.com;
return 301 https://yoursite.com$request_uri;
}

By following these steps, you will avoid the WordPress HTTPS not working error because all your site URL and content will be on SSL.

If you want to add SSL and HTTPS on your WordPress multi-site admin area or login pages, then you need to configure SSL in wp-config.php file.

Simply add the following code above the “That’s all, stop editing!” line in your wp-config.php file:

define('FORCE_SSL_ADMIN', true);

This wp-config.php SSL trick works for single sites as well as multi-sites.

Setup SSL and WordPress HTTPS on Exclusive Pages

Now if for some reason, you only want to add HTTPS and SSL on specific pages of your site, then you would need the plugin called WordPress HTTPS (SSL).

First thing you need to do is install and activate the WordPress HTTPS (SSL) plugin.

Please note that this plugin hasn’t been updated for a while, but it works fine and is safe to use. See our guide on installing plugins not tested with your WordPress version for more information.

Upon activation the plugin will add a new menu item labeled HTTPS in your WordPress admin. You can click it to visit the plugin’s settings page.

WordPress HTTPs SSL settings

The first option of the settings page asks you to enter your SSL host. Mostly it is your domain name. However, if you are configuring the site on a subdomain and the SSL certificate you got is for your main domain name, then you will enter the root domain. If your using a shared SSL certificate provided by your web host, then you will need to enter the host information they provided instead of your domain name.

In some cases if you are using a non-traditional SSL host and need to use a different port, then you can add it in the port field.

Force SSL Administration setting forces WordPress to use HTTPs on all admin area pages. You need to check this box to make sure that all traffic to your WordPress admin area is secure.

The next option is to use Force SSL Exclusively. Checking this box will only use SSL on pages where you have checked the Force SSL option. All other traffic will go to the normal HTTP url.

This works if you only want to use SSL on specific pages like shopping cart, checkout, user account pages, etc.

Click on the save changes button to store your plugin settings.

If you want to use HTTPS just for specific pages, then you need to edit those pages and check the Force SSL checkbox.

Forcing HTTPs on specific pages and posts

Once done, visit your page to ensure that you have all green light in Chrome and other browsers.

Chrome WordPress HTTPS error

That’s all, we hope this article helped you add HTTPS and SSL in WordPress. You may also want to check out our guide on when do you really need managed WordPress hosting.

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for WordPress video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Google+.


Editorial Staff at WPBeginner is a team of WordPress experts led by Syed Balkhi. Page maintained by Syed Balkhi.

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Comments

  1. Shane says:

    Your article made no mention of verifying plugin compatibility with SSL before making the change. Is that because plugin code generally doesn’t go “offsite” and hence result in “insecure” content warnings, or are plugins something that we should be concerned about and carefully review before considering the switch?

  2. Jim R says:

    thank you for this- never used SSL or HTTPS before and suddenly needed a java donations page to be HTTPS. with your instructions I was able to get it working in a matter of minutes.

  3. Jennifer Goddard says:

    Don’t download this plug in. As of late 2014 there are multiple complaints of incompatibility!

  4. GJ says:

    Thanks for the tutorial.

    I wanted to add a few more resources..

    1) Change all the ur’s media/js etc through the Bluevelvet plugin from http to https

    2) if you do not have the green https color you can look for insecure files at whynopadlock.com

    3) Submit your https version to the webmaster tools as well

  5. Ollie says:

    Excellent tips as always.

    I’d like to point out for anyone using the .htaccess redirect, to include that in their htacces file first at the top. I had the usual wordpress htaccess code at the top of the file and it wasn’t working until I pasted the new code before it.

  6. Johny P says:

    Really now a days ssl is moving to a new level . Awesome article. :)

  7. Rael says:

    hi guys,

    I have an http link which cannot be changed using //www.url.com/ because the server it’s on doesn’t have SSL.

    The issue comes when this link appears on a secure page on my site.

    Is there a way to redirect it to http once off the https page?

  8. WPBeginner Staff says:

    Contact W3 Total Cache support.

  9. Muhammad Umer says:

    Hi Syed i really need your help in this, some plugin causing this i added this today more than 5 times after few time it remove automatically from htaccess file, i am using w3 total cache.

  10. Muhammad Umer says:

    Hi, Thank you for the guide i configured everything perfectly with your guide, but when i empty cache or use w3 total cach plugn they removed my .htaccess file and start their own.
    is there any settings in the plugin?
    currently want to use ssl on
    Thanks,

  11. WPBeginner Staff says:

    Yes, we do.

  12. Mark says:

    Hi, the WordPress HTTPS plugin hasn’t been updated in a couple of years. Do you still recommend it?

  13. WPBeginner Staff says:

    Your site is making http requests to resources which are not secure. For example many WordPress themes fetch Google fonts using a non-https url. View your site’s source code to figure out which scripts, images, stylesheets are using non-https URLs.

  14. Travis Pflanz says:

    One of the biggest culprits of elements not being loaded over HTTPS is a theme calling Google Fonts. Unfortunately, many theme developers call the Google font with http://, rather than just //

  15. WPBeginner Staff says:

    Seems like your website has some elements loaded from a non secure URL. Most probably a third party script or stylesheet.

  16. Heri Saputra says:

    Hi.. I have been installed comodo ssl to my site but ssl on my site is not green light, how I can fix it?

  17. Heri Saputra says:

    Hi,,, I have been installed ssl to my website but my ssl is not green light but like this, how I can fix it? Tx

  18. WPBeginner Staff says:

    We will be moving all our sites to SSL and HTTPs very soon.

  19. Matthew Bochnak says:

    Thanks for posting this! I had to go through this process and could not figure out the redirect from http to https.

  20. Techno-Proo.com says:

    why you don’t use SSL and HTTPS ?

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