Are you seeing a 504 gateway timeout error on your WordPress site?
This error can make your website inaccessible to users. Even worse, it can disappear and reappear on its own if the underlying issue is not fixed.
In this article, we will show you how to fix the 504 gateway timeout error in WordPress.
What Causes the 504 Gateway Timeout Error?
The 504 Gateway Timeout error happens when a website’s main server, which handles the visitor’s request to open the page, doesn’t get a quick response from the upstream server.
The upstream server may be busy or dealing with high traffic, causing a delay. In simpler terms, it’s like your request is waiting for information from another part of the website, but that part is too busy to respond promptly.
The error page’s appearance and the message may look different depending on your WordPress hosting company, the proxy server, or the web browser you are using.
Here are some of the most common 504 gateway timeout error messages:
- 504 Gateway Timeout
- HTTP 504
- 504 ERROR
- Gateway Timeout (504)
- HTTP Error 504 – Gateway Timeout
- Gateway Timeout Error
While the most common reason for the error is a proxy server unable to reach the upstream server, it can also be triggered by other hosting configuration issues.
That being said, let’s see how to easily troubleshoot and fix the 504 gateway timeout error in WordPress:
- Wait and Reload the Page
- Turn Off the VPN
- Turn Off Your Website Firewall
- Disable Your Network Proxy
- Change Your DNS Servers
- Clean up your WordPress Database
- Deactivate WordPress Plugins and Switch to a Default Theme
- Turn Off Your Content Delivery Network (CDN) Temporarily
- Check Your DNS Status
- More Troubleshooting
1. Wait and Reload the Page
Sometimes, the 504 gateway timeout error code may simply be caused by connectivity issues on your WordPress hosting servers. Give it a few minutes, and then try reloading your WordPress website.
In some cases, you may also want to try clearing your browser cache and refresh the page again.
If the issue disappears, then you don’t need to take any further steps. However, if the error persists or reappears after a while, then continue reading to troubleshoot and fix the problem.
2. Turn Off the VPN
If you are using a VPN service to browse the web, then you can try disabling it.
Sometimes, your VPN server may not be able to get a response from your managed WordPress hosting server, and this will result in a 504 gateway timeout error.
If your website reappears, then this means that the VPN server is the culprit.
If using the VPN is important for you, then you can try switching to a different VPN server. However, if you see the error even after changing servers, then you will need to contact your VPN service provider for support.
3. Turn Off Your Website Firewall
If you are using a DNS-level website firewall like Sucuri or Cloudflare, then try to temporarily disable the firewall. This will allow you to connect to your WordPress hosting server directly.
If that fixes the issue, then your hosting server is likely blocking the firewall IP addresses, which can cause this issue. You will need to contact your firewall service provider to get their list of IP addresses and then contact your web host to whitelist those IPs.
Sometimes, disabling the firewall might show you the actual server error notice. In that case, you should refer to our list of common WordPress errors to fix the specific issue.
4. Disable Your Network Proxy
If you are connected to the internet through a proxy server, then that server may be unable to get a response from your WordPress website.
Try accessing your website using a different internet connection or a different browser. Alternatively, use online services to see if your website is down just for you or everyone.
If it is down just for you, then you will need to change your network connectivity settings. You can contact your internet service provider or a network admin to troubleshoot the issue for you.
5. Change Your DNS Servers
Your internet connection uses something called DNS servers. These servers help your computer connect to the different servers on the internet.
If there are DNS issues, like the servers you’re using are down, then you could see a 504 gateway timeout error. The easiest way to check this is by changing the DNS servers your device is using.
On Windows computers, you can find them by going to Control Panel » Network and Internet » Network and Sharing Center » Change adapter settings.
Then, click on your network, select ‘Change settings of this connection’, and choose ‘Internet Protocol Version 4’ from the dropdown menu. You can now manually enter DNS server addresses.
On Mac computers, you can find DNS settings by going to Settings » Network.
Click on the ‘Advanced’ button, and then select the ‘DNS’ tab.
We recommend changing your DNS server address to 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 and applying the changes.
Try visiting your website again. If this solves your error, then you are all done. The problem was with your internet connection, and it is now fixed.
6. Clean Up Your WordPress Database
A corrupt WordPress database may also trigger a 504 gateway timeout error. Don’t worry, your WordPress data is most likely safe. However, your database may need a little bit of spring cleaning.
This can be easily done by optimizing your WordPress database using phpMyAdmin or using a plugin like WP-Sweep.
Just make sure to back up the WordPress database before making any changes.
7. Deactivate WordPress Plugins and Switch to a Default Theme
WordPress plugins and themes are less likely to cause a 504 gateway timeout error. However, if a plugin or theme is making too many requests to the server, then some of these requests may drop off and trigger a 504 gateway timeout error.
To test this, you need to deactivate all WordPress plugins via FTP.
After that, visit your website to see if the error has been resolved.
If it is, then one of your plugins was causing the issue. You now need to activate all plugins one by one until you can reproduce the error. This will help you locate the plugin responsible for the error.
If deactivating plugins didn’t solve your issue, then you would want to check your WordPress theme. You will need to switch your WordPress theme via phpMyAdmin.
After switching your theme to the default WordPress theme, you need to visit your website to see if it’s working. If it is, then your original theme was the problem.
8. Turn Off Your Content Delivery Network (CDN)
A content delivery network (CDN) can sometimes be the culprit behind the 504 gateway timeout error. This is a pretty rare occurrence, but if one of the servers in the CDN is down, the issue may occur.
You can temporarily disable the CDN and see if this is true. This process will vary depending on which service you are using.
For more information about CDNs, you can check out our tutorial on configuring CDNs in WordPress.
9. Check Your DNS Status
This step is more applicable if you’ve just migrated to a new hosting provider and updated your website’s DNS settings.
After moving your website to a new host, you have to make your current domain name point to the new hosting account by updating its DNS nameservers. Then, you have to wait up to 48 hours for the changes the propagate for all users.
During this propagation period, your site may experience a short downtime, which can cause users to see a 504 gateway timeout error.
10. More Troubleshooting
If you are still unable to solve the 504 gateway timeout error, then try following the steps in our ultimate WordPress troubleshooting guide for beginners.
Finally, as a last resort, you can reach out to your hosting provider for support. They may be able to fix the issue or point you in the right direction.
We hope this article helped you learn how to fix the 504 gateway timeout error in WordPress. You may also want to see our guide on how to protect WordPress against brute force attacks and see our top picks for the best WordPress plugins to grow your site.