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  1. Shafaq says:

    this is the code for replacing existing menu to logged user menu by addming location top-menu and with menu loggedin no need else statement with this

    add_filter( ‘wp_nav_menu_args’, function ( $args )
    if( is_user_logged_in() && $args[‘theme_location’] === ‘top-menu’ ) {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘loggedin’;
    return $args;

  2. Ashraf Ali says:

    function my_wp_nav_menu_args( $args = ” ) {

    if( is_user_logged_in() ) {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-in’;
    } else {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-out’;
    return $args;
    add_filter( ‘wp_nav_menu_args’, ‘my_wp_nav_menu_args’ );

    Now how do i get it to work with



    Please Advice

  3. Iqbal Mahmud says:

    If I want to hide a page from logged out user from a single menu what have to do?

    • Kasper says:

      You can lock pages to hide them from logged out users. There are several plugins that make this very easy to do. Users Ultra comes to mind.

  4. Zev says:

    Everything worked perfectly.

    However, I still have the issue of a repeated primary menu in the secondary navigation menu section which I can’t seem to remove (I don’t have a secondary menu set up).

    • Vince says:

      I’m having the exact issue. The change reflects in the secondary menu location out of nowhere and I too don’t have a secondary menu setup. :/ Please advice how to deal with it.

      Thanks in advance.

  5. Chiranjeevi Vinodkumar says:


    Most of us, uses themes.
    So first go to the functions.php of your theme.
    Search with navigation as keyword.

    In case of Shopkeeper theme..

    register_nav_menus( array(
    ‘top-bar-navigation’ => __( ‘Top Bar Navigation’, ‘shopkeeper’ ),
    ‘main-navigation’ => __( ‘Main Navigation’, ‘shopkeeper’ ),
    ‘footer-navigation’ => __( ‘Footer Navigation’, ‘shopkeeper’ ),

    This is how you look.. so pick the one which is primary, In my case, Its “Top Bar Navigation” hence used “top-bar-navigation”

    I used the following code and worked like a charm!!!

    This is my way of thanking the author.

    Good day !!

  6. Ann Novakowski says:

    Here’s what worked for me with WP . I used this to create a specific primary menu for logged-in Buddypress users. It will NOT affect my footer menu OR social media menu for any visitors, so everyone sees the same secondary menus regardless of whether they’re logged in or not. This is based on all of the comments above (HT to Fransiska!).

    Added the following to my Child Theme’s functions.php file:


    function my_wp_nav_menu_args( $args = ” ) {
    if ($args[‘theme_location’] == ‘primary’) {
    if( is_user_logged_in()) {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-in’;
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-out’;
    return $args;

    add_filter( ‘wp_nav_menu_args’, ‘my_wp_nav_menu_args’ );

  7. Matthias Campbell says:

    I added this code (probably wrongly) in my functions.php within my theme in wordpress editor and now I have a constant 500 server error. Even after removing the code.

    Before this i attempted to create a site specific plugin but that didnt work. Could you please tell me if the snippet requires an opening and closing bracket?
    If so how do i do that?
    My host cant help me now and they’re requesting I pay a programmer to help me for 50Eu per hour. Please help me. Its urgent.
    I am still logged into wordpress but what ever I click I get the 500 error with this specific error.
    PHP Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ‘}’ in line 1194.
    This is because I pasted the snippet after all the text in the functions.php file.
    I then removed the snippet to see if that would fix it, via editor and FTP and I still get the error.
    I look forward to hearing your response.
    Kind regards

    • WPBeginner Support says:

      It depends on where you are adding the code. If there is a closing PHP tag before it then you need to add a php start tag like <?php

      If this code is the last thing in the functions file then you don’t need to add a closing tag.

  8. Hubert says:

    If you have multiple menu locations and want to apply different menus for each location you can use the code bellow:

    function my_wp_nav_menu_args( $args = ” ) {

    // Primary menu location
    if( ‘primary-main’ == $args[‘theme_location’] ) {

    if( is_user_logged_in() ) {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘Primary-Logged-In’;
    } else {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘Primary-Logged-Out’;

    return $args;

    // Secondary menu location
    if( ‘secondary-menu’ == $args[‘theme_location’] ) {

    if( is_user_logged_in() ) {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘Secondary-Logged-In’;
    } else {
    $args[‘menu’] = ‘Secondary-Logged-Out’;

    return $args;


    add_filter( ‘wp_nav_menu_args’, ‘my_wp_nav_menu_args’ );

  9. Ravikant says:

    Perfect bro .Its work …. awesome work

  10. Leopold says:

    This was almost too easy!
    Thanks alot for the simple article.

    In this way I don’t have to install any plugin..

  11. Gaurang says:

    I think it is better to use IF MENU plugin.

    Creating two separate menus like this, use has to create/update menu twice.

    • Chris says:

      Hi Gaurang,
      I’m curious to know why you feel using the plugin is better, than coding the functions.php file? I was told a while ago to watch how many plugins are actually used for a wordpress site, and the code above seems simple enough; minus the having to monitor every time your theme updates….


  12. Rub says:

    Great, how I can use it to show menu for logged user that have certain role?

  13. Kit Johnson says:

    This worked so simply and neatly. I didn’t think it would be this easy. Thank you!

  14. Jason Sisson says:

    this is awesome tried it. works. but i also would like to redirect by role
    is that simple or much harder

  15. Ryan R. Bayne says:

    Thanks. Working with menu functions for the first time.

    Creating the WTG Portal Manager plugin which will allow a portal to be defined very quickly. Every portal having it’s own menu. The plugin make the relationship between portal and menu clearer plus provide other unique options.

  16. veer2412 says:

    how can i show different posts to different users??

  17. veer2412 says:

    thnkx for the help.. but what if i want to show different users different posts on my site.. is there any way to do that using coding??

  18. WPBeginner Staff says:

    Under Appearance > Menus you need to choose a location for your menu. Seems like there are two areas on your site where you can add menus. So you need to create two different menus and then assign a location to them.

    • Heather Gile says:

      what would the revised code for this be, if there was a distinction of ‘Primary’ and ‘Top’?
      $args[‘primary-menu’] = ‘logged-in’;
      $args[‘top-menu’] = ‘logged-in’;


      $args[‘primary-menu’] = ‘logged-out’;
      $args[‘top-menu’] = ‘logged-out’;


    • Kyle says:

      WordPress will not let me put 2 menus in my “top header” location. The code you provided works, but it changed ALL of my menus to the logged in or out, and is not displaying my normal nav menu

  19. b2995 says:

    I have a top menu as well as a site menu (under logo). How would I change the code to switch just that top menu. Right now, ALL my menus change.

  20. Harry Slyman says:

    You saved my day! thank you :)

  21. Rob says:

    OMG, this made me laugh it was so simple… thank you!

  22. Melih says:

    Illustrative and easy, thank you so much.

  23. Rohit Gahlot says:

    Working .. :D Thanks a lot

  24. Seth says:

    Thanks for this.

    On the homepage, menu names that have a submenu (a drop-down menu) do not show the drop-down. When I go to any other page that isn’t my homepage, this isn’t a problem, and all menu items are shown.

    This is the case on the homepage for both logged-in and logged-out items. Any idea how to fix this? Thanks

  25. Wouter Bredenbeek says:

    Only changing a certain menu can be achieved by changing $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-in’;
    into $args[‘secondary-menu’] = ‘logged-in’; for example. Should do the trick!

    • DANIEL says:

      That code doesn’t work. I have registered a ‘primary-menu’ and ‘secondary-menu’ and trying the function provided with your change in args no menú changes.

      I fix this using this code:

      function my_wp_nav_menu_args( $args = ” ) {
      if ($args[‘theme_location’] == ‘secondary-menu’) {
      if( is_user_logged_in()) {
      $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-in’;
      $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-out’;
      $args[‘menu’] = ‘Principal’;
      return $args;

      add_filter( ‘wp_nav_menu_args’, ‘my_wp_nav_menu_args’ );

      NOTE: ‘ Principal is the name of the primary static menu.

      • Rory PQ says:

        So close, both my footer and main menus are changing. I’m trying to just change my footer menu. I’ve tried so many variations of this code but no dice. Any solution thoughts?

        When I inspected my theme with Firebug it said my footer is “id=footer-nav”. Should I use this name rather than “secondary-menu”?

        Many Thanks

  26. lemonthirst says:

    Hurray! Finally found it, it never crossed my mind that this simple function would ease up my work so much.
    Thank you guys!

  27. Grant says:

    When I try to enter the code into the functions.php file it gives me the following error:

    Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ’03’ (T_LNUMBER) in /home/grantkessler/public_html/wp-content/themes/GameNews/functions.php on line 201

  28. Stevie Allison says:

    Perfect just what I was looking for. i´m going to try it now. Thank You

  29. Alex says:

    Big thanks for sharing code but it really add this menu in all areas! Is there a way to show it only in specific menu ?

  30. shanewaj rahman says:

    You made it so easy.

  31. zaman says:

    I created site specific plugin and menu’s working fine, but my footer menu is also changed, its not showing the one i selected but the logged-in or logged-out.

    • WPBeginner Support says:

      Zaman WordPress menus have locations assigned to them. Make sure you are using a different menu for the footer menu location.

  32. Grant says:

    Hi when I try to put in the code it messes up my site completely giving the error message:

    function my_wp_nav_menu_args( $args = ” ) { if( is_user_logged_in() ) { $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-in’; } else { $args[‘menu’] = ‘logged-out’; } return $args; } add_filter( ‘wp_nav_menu_args’, ‘my_wp_nav_menu_args’ );
    Warning: Cannot modify header information – headers already sent by (output started at /homepages/5/d156331781/htdocs/reviewthegame/wp-content/themes/Made-Theme/made/functions.php:12) in /homepages/5/d156331781/htdocs/reviewthegame/wp-includes/pluggable.php on line 899

  33. joseph says:

    Is there a way to only apply this to a specific menu?
    I have tried this:
    if( $args->theme_location == ‘primary-menu’ ) {
    //Code here
    but it doesn’t work. any ideas how to achieve this?

    • shanewaj rahman says:

      This is what I have done to over come two menu problem.
      I have removed that function and put this code in the header.php
      where I was calling my menu.

      ‘menu_id’ => ‘nav’,
      ‘menu’ => ‘Registered’,
      ‘items_wrap’ => ‘%3$s’)
      wp_nav_menu( array(‘container’ => false,
      ‘theme_location’ => ‘primary’,
      ‘menu_id’ => ‘nav’,
      ‘items_wrap’ => ‘%3$s’,
      ) );

    • Fransiska says:


      if ($args[‘theme_location’] == ‘primary’)

      instead and it’ll works

      • Gerald Tyler says:

        Fransiska, can you explain your suggestion further? I have several sub-menus I’m putting in sidebars, and the solution on this page makes all those short menus now full menus with all of the Primary menu names, none of my various custom menus. Your suggestion sounds like we can apply this trick to just the primary menu position, not the sidebars. Make sense? Can you provide the full code? I’m not having any luck guessing on how it goes together.

        Oct 25, 2013 at 1:16 am

        Is there a way to only apply this to a specific menu?
        I have tried this:
        if( $args->theme_location == ‘primary-menu’ ) {
        //Code here
        but it doesn’t work. any ideas how to achieve this?

        Jan 31, 2014 at 2:53 am


        if ($args[‘theme_location’] == ‘primary’)

        instead and it’ll works

  34. Jamie Mannion says:

    Great tip, that came at a perfect time in my site development.

    Works a treat! I think I’ll extend on this to show different menus for different user_meta.

    Thanks for sharing!

  35. karen says:

    Hi, thanks for that, most helpful. though I’m still not sure where to put the code?
    (After creating the menus, add this code in your theme’s functions.php file or a site-specific plugin) – where is the functions.php file?

    • WPBeginner Support says:

      Go to Appearance » Editor you will see functions.php file in the list of files on your right hand. However, if you do not see a functions.php file there, then this means you are using a theme framework or a child theme. In that case you need to create a site specific plugin for your site and add this code inside that plugin. See our guide on site-specific plugin.

  36. Cathy Earle says:

    Great tip. Looking forward to using it in an upcoming design.

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